Present Progressive

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Present Perfect

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Simple Past

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Simple Present Tense

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Verb “To Be”

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How to Spell Regular Past Tense Verbs

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Regular verbs have the benefit of following basic rules when changed to past tense. In order to conjugate regular verbs to past tense, adding -ed, -d at the end of the verb is a must. Even though it is fairly simple, there are rules for conjugating you must follow:

  • Verbs ending with: one consonant + ‘’e’’ → add  ‘’-d’’

o   Examples:             achieve → achieved                       whistle → whistled

.                                 educate → educated                       bake    → baked

.                                 admire   → admired                         smile    → smiled

  • Verbs ending with: consonant + vowel + consonant → double the last consonant, add ‘’-ed”

o   Examples:             drop → dropped                               cup   → cupped

.                                 beg  → begged                                 omit  → omitted

.                                 clap  → clapped                                 nap   → napped

EXCEPTIONS               fix → fixed                 snow → snowed

  • Verbs ending with: two vowels + one consonant → add  ‘’-ed’’

o   Examples:              rain  → rained                                  contain → contained

.                                 need → needed                               book     → booked

.                                 boil   → boiled                                  clean     → cleaned

  • Verbs ending with: two consonants → add ‘’-ed’’

o   Examples:             help   → helped                               attack   → attacked

.                                 check  → checked                           blind   → blinded

.                                 blink   → blinked                              add     → added

  • Verbs ending with: one consonant + ‘’-y’’ → change the ‘’-y’’ for ‘’-ied’’

o   Examples:             study   → studied                               carry   → carried

.                                 dry      → dried                                   fry       → fried

.                                 worry  → worried                               cry      → cried

  • Verbs ending with: one vowel + ‘’-y’’ → add ‘’-ed’’

o   Examples:             play    → played                               pray     → prayed

.                                 enjoy  → enjoyed                             stay      → stayed

.                                 annoy → annoyed                          destroy → destroyed