How to Spell Regular Past Tense Verbs

Regular verbs have the benefit of following basic rules when changed to past tense. In order to conjugate regular verbs to past tense, adding -ed, -d at the end of the verb is a must. Even though it is fairly simple, there are rules for conjugating you must follow:

  • Verbs ending with: one consonant + ‘’e’’ → add  ‘’-d’’

o   Examples:             achieve → achieved                       whistle → whistled

.                                 educate → educated                       bake    → baked

.                                 admire   → admired                         smile    → smiled

  • Verbs ending with: consonant + vowel + consonant → double the last consonant, add ‘’-ed”

o   Examples:             drop → dropped                               cup   → cupped

.                                 beg  → begged                                 omit  → omitted

.                                 clap  → clapped                                 nap   → napped

EXCEPTIONS               fix → fixed                 snow → snowed

  • Verbs ending with: two vowels + one consonant → add  ‘’-ed’’

o   Examples:              rain  → rained                                  contain → contained

.                                 need → needed                               book     → booked

.                                 boil   → boiled                                  clean     → cleaned

  • Verbs ending with: two consonants → add ‘’-ed’’

o   Examples:             help   → helped                               attack   → attacked

.                                 check  → checked                           blind   → blinded

.                                 blink   → blinked                              add     → added

  • Verbs ending with: one consonant + ‘’-y’’ → change the ‘’-y’’ for ‘’-ied’’

o   Examples:             study   → studied                               carry   → carried

.                                 dry      → dried                                   fry       → fried

.                                 worry  → worried                               cry      → cried

  • Verbs ending with: one vowel + ‘’-y’’ → add ‘’-ed’’

o   Examples:             play    → played                               pray     → prayed

.                                 enjoy  → enjoyed                             stay      → stayed

.                                 annoy → annoyed                          destroy → destroyed